Vanilla has very long stem, it's up to 50 meter.
The vanilla stems has some segments.
Each segment is about 10-20 cm.
Each stem segment appears root.
This is the type of aerial root
The roots will firmly attached to the bark of the shading tree or other support.
Each root is located side by side to the leaf on each segment.
The main shoot will grow lengthwise, if we don't cut it.
So we have to cut the long stem to set the canopy.
We usually grow Vanilla from stem cutting.
We only need stem that is not too old, also not too young.
The cutting is about two or three segments.
Then we put the cutting on the seedling media.
The seedling media consists of mixture of sand and compost.
The seedling is ready to be transplanted after the new shoots have 4-5 segment.
It's need about 3-4 months.
We have to prepare a planting hole with compost on it, near the trunk of the shading tree.
This plant is need high humidity, but doesn't like wet land.
Next we will talk about the pollination.
Enjoy your day, and have a wonderful day with the vanilla's fragrance.