In tropical regions, tea plants can grow so flourish in areas with altitude about 200-2000 m above the sea level.
|Traditional folk plantation|
In the low land areas, generally tea plants only give low yields both of quantity and quality.
This plant need enough sunshine and rain throughout the year, but it needs a little part of shady for the best yield.
We can find so many shade trees on the tea plantations.
The main shade trees are Lamtoro (Leucaena glauca), Glerisidia (Glericidia amaculata), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Mindi (Melia azedarach), Suren (Toona sureni) and Albizia.
Tea plants are grown in a single rows.
Plant spacing is 120 x 75 cm, with number of plant is about 11.110 trees/ha.
|Fruit and flower|
But tea is usually grown from cutting stems.
|Traditional Tea nursery|
In the tea plantations, the plants are maintained only up to 1 m high with regular pruning .
This was done to make it easier on plucking the leaves and shoots.
With a good maintenance, no flowers also fruits, we must optimize vegetative growth.
Tea plants need regular fertilizing, pest control, pruning, also obtain adequate rainfall.
The serious problem is Cacar Teh (Blister Blight).
There are so many caterpillars on the tea plant, but have never cause serious problem on the tea plantations.
The tea leaves can be picked regularly since 5 years after planting.
With good maintenance, the tea plant may give a large amount of tea leaves for about 40 years.
The plantations need to be rejuvenated after the tea plants reach 40 years old.
|Folk tea plantation|
Plucking the tea leaves is still done by human labor, even in large part by women workers.
To produce good quality tea, we have to do fine plucking; just plucking the shoot with the two leaves below it.
|Fine plucking shoot|
Coarse plucking often done in some traditional plantations (folk tea plantation); plucking the shoots with three or more leaves below it, including the trunk.
|Coarse plucking shoot|
Have a nice week with your tea...