Coffee (Coffea sp) is a perennial plant.
The plant is a shrub or tree of the Rubiaceae family.
It's start fruiting on the 3rd years after planting for arabica coffee, and 4th years for robusta coffee.
Optimum yield will be obtained from 5 years old after planting.
Both of them are the most popular coffee in Indonesia.
For the first fruiting for arabica, each plant can produce about 1-2 kilograms of fruits or equal with 0.2 - 0.4 kilograms of dry seeds (coffee bean).
The optimum production is about 5 kilograms of fruits or equal with 1 kilogram of dried seeds (coffee beans).
The peak of economic life cycle is in 5 -7 years old, but if it's pruned it will live and produce longer until 20 years even 50 years.
Coffee plant will produce twice a year.
Harvesting season occur during transition period between dry season to rainy season or rainy season to dry season.
We pick the mature fruit repeatedly during harvesting season for about 2 months.
We just pick selected fruits.
Only dark-red mature fruit will picked.
Except on finale harvesting.
|Cluster of immature fruits (arabica type)|
|Cluster of immature fruits (robusta type)|
Robusta leaf is bigger, thinner and wider.
Arabica leaf is look glossy and rigid.
But robusta fruit is smaller.
Skin of robusta fruit is brighter.
The robusta tree is higher more than 4 meters.
And arabica tree just about 2-3 meters in high.
|starting preliminary harvest|
|Lets choose... and pick the mature fruits|
|Over ripened fruits... ready for finale harvest|
|Finale harvest yield,...so varies on quality, needs to select more.|
I wish you all enjoy this coffee break, and follow the next part.
Have a nice coffee...